Menopause is a natural event for every woman. Also known as the 'change of life' or simply 'the change', it marks the end of a woman’s ability to conceive. Menopause is defined by a woman’s last menstrual period. A woman is said to be ‘post-menopausal’ if there has been no period for 12 months in a row. Menopause can happen naturally or as a result of some health conditions, medication or surgical procedures. When periods stop permanently before the age of 40 women are said to have premature menopause.
Menopause requires no medical treatment. Instead, treatments focus on relieving your signs and symptoms and preventing or managing chronic conditions that may occur with aging. Treatments may include:
- Hormone therapy: Estrogen therapy is the most effective treatment option for relieving menopausal hot flashes. Depending on your personal and family medical history, your doctor may recommend estrogen in the lowest dose and the shortest time frame needed to provide symptom relief for you.
- Vaginal estrogen: To relieve vaginal dryness, estrogen can be administered directly to the vagina using a vaginal cream, tablet or ring.
- Low-dose antidepressants: Certain antidepressants related to the class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may decrease menopausal hot flashes
- vasomotor symptoms (for example, hot flushes and sweats).
- Musculoskeletal symptoms (for example, joint and muscle pain).
- Effects on mood (for example, low mood).
- Urogenital symptoms (for example, vaginal dryness).
- Sexual difficulties (for example, low sexual desire).
Factors affecting age of menopause.
- Family history of menopause
- Oophorectomy (removal of ovaries surgically)
- Radiotherapy/ Chemotherapy for Cancer.
- Autoimmune disease
- Ovarian surgeries
- Genetic conditions