Cesarean delivery, also known as C-section, is a procedure in which a birth doctor delivers an infant through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus rather than through the vagina.
A C-section is the surgical delivery of a baby that involves making incisions in the mother's abdominal wall and uterus. Generally considered safe, C-sections do have more risks than vaginal births. Plus, moms can go home sooner and recover quicker after a vaginal delivery.
But C-sections can help women who are at risk for complications avoid dangerous delivery-room situations and can be a life saver in an emergency.
C-sections are done by obstetricians (doctors who care for pregnant women before, during, and after birth) and some family physicians. Although more and more women are choosing midwives to deliver their babies, midwives of any licensing degree cannot perform C-sections.
Reasons for C-section
A C-section may be medically necessary for the following reasons:
- Labor is not progressing.
- Multiple gestations, such as twins or triplets, have occurred.
- The fetus experiences an emergency or severe health concern.
- The fetus has hydrocephalus, or excess fluid on the brain.
- The fetus is in the breech or transverse position.
- The baby is too large to travel through the cervix.
- The mother has a contagious virus, such as herpes or HIV, that a vaginal birth would transmit to the infant.
- The mother has complicating conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
- The mother has a uterine condition or a fibroid obstructing the cervix.
- The placental or umbilical cord has anomalies.
- The mother has previously given birth via C-section.
Pros and Cons for C-section
Pros of C – section:
Mothers: There is absence of labor pain in this method. The date of delivery can be planned in advance. When compared to normal delivery, there are no intercourse related issues.
Babies: Unlike in natural delivery, there is no chance of injury during Caesarean section. Also chances of spreading infection are very much reduced.
Cons of C – section:
Mothers: When compared to vaginal delivery, recovery period is much longer. Mothers face the risk of loss of blood as well as other risks connected with surgery. Frequent checkups after delivery are necessary for assessment and treatment of the wound.
Babies: Chances of babies being still born is more in C – section as compared to vaginal delivery. There are also possibilities of the baby developing breathing difficulties.
You can discuss freely about the delivery type with doctors at best hospital for maternity in Jalandhar. Doctors at Sachar Hospital will rightly guide you depending on your health, complications in pregnancy.