Hysteroscopy Surgery is a procedure where a doctor examines the uterus. A thin, lighted tube called hysteroscopy is passed thru the vagina into the cervix to examine the cervix and uterine cavity. Hysteroscopy is done to find the cause of abnormal bleeding, determining the cause of infertility, to remove growths in the uterus, such as fibroids or polyps.
Diagnostic Hysteroscopy: Is done to diagnose a problem or to confirm the results of other tests like ultrasonography a sono hysterography.
Operative Hysteroscopy: Is a daycare method of treating many problems of the uterus through minimally invasive, endoscopic techniques which do not require cuts or sutures. It is an excellent method to promote fertility and to avoid hysterectomy in many instances.
How is Hysteroscopy done?
A thin lighted telescope (Hysteroscope) is passed through the vagina which reflects back the images showing the condition of the uterus on a screen. A series of dilators are used to stretch the opening of the cervix temporarily. Often the uterus cavity is filled up with a sterile fluid to help the doctor view the internal areas of the uterus clearly. No skin incisions are required for the process. It is a day care process which may or may not require the use of anesthesia.
Who needs it?
- Women having difficulty in getting pregnant
- Women having difficulty in continuing their pregnancy (miscarriages).
- Women who has repeated miscarriages
- Women who need assessing or removing scar, septum, polyp or fibroid, which can be diagnosed on the scan or 3D Scan more precisely.
- Women with abnormal or irregular bleeding
Diagnostic Hysteroscopy has become an essential part of the infertility evaluation. Operative hysteroscopy involves treating any of the above-mentioned problems i.e. scar, septum, polyp or fibroid.
- Hysteroscopy can help to remove non-cancerous growths found in the uterus; Uterine adhesions are bands of scar tissue that formed in the uterus which may affect menstrual flow & cause of infertility as in Asherman Syndrome.
- It can help to find out if you have a uterine septum.
- It can help to identify the cause of abnormal bleeding, heavy menstrual flow, and bleeding after menopause.